How to Prevent Dengue Fever: A Simple Guide for Everyone

Dengue fever is a critical illness that may trigger excessive fever, extreme headache, joint and muscle ache, bleeding, and even dying. It’s attributable to a virus that’s unfold by mosquitoes, particularly the Aedes species. Dengue fever is frequent in tropical and subtropical areas of the world, the place greater than 3 billion individuals are vulnerable to an infection.

Fortuitously, there are some easy methods to forestall dengue fever and shield your self and your family members from this lethal illness. Listed below are some suggestions that you could observe:

Keep away from mosquito bites

The easiest way to forestall dengue fever is to keep away from mosquito bites. Mosquitoes that carry dengue virus often chunk through the day, particularly within the early morning and late afternoon. In addition they are likely to breed in stagnant water, equivalent to in containers, tires, buckets, flower pots, and vases.

To keep away from mosquito bites, it is best to:

  • Put on long-sleeved shirts, pants, socks, and footwear while you go outdoors.
  • Use mosquito repellents in your pores and skin and clothes, following the directions on the label. It’s also possible to use mosquito nets, coils, or vaporizers to maintain mosquitoes away out of your sleeping space.
  • Cowl or empty any containers that may maintain water, equivalent to buckets, barrels, drums, or bottles. Change the water in flower vases, pet bowls, and chook baths no less than as soon as every week. Clear and scrub any containers that may gather water, equivalent to tires, gutters, or roof tops.
  • You probably have a fever, keep indoors and keep away from contact with different folks, as it’s possible you’ll be infectious and unfold the virus to others by way of mosquito bites.
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Get vaccinated

There’s a vaccine out there for dengue fever, referred to as Dengvaxia. It is suggested for folks aged 9 to 45 years who dwell in areas the place dengue is endemic, and who’ve had a earlier dengue an infection. The vaccine can scale back the chance of extreme dengue by about 80%, and the chance of hospitalization by about 60%.

Nonetheless, the vaccine is just not appropriate for everybody, and it could have some unintended effects, equivalent to allergic reactions, headache, or fever. The vaccine additionally doesn’t present full safety towards dengue, and it doesn’t stop different mosquito-borne ailments, equivalent to Zika, chikungunya, or malaria. Subsequently, it is best to nonetheless observe the opposite prevention measures, even in case you are vaccinated.

If you’re desirous about getting the vaccine, it is best to seek the advice of your physician or well being care supplier, and discover out whether it is out there and secure for you.

Search medical consideration

Should you suppose you could have dengue fever, it is best to search medical consideration as quickly as doable. There isn’t any particular therapy for dengue fever, however early analysis and supportive care may help scale back the severity and issues of the illness. Among the indicators and signs of dengue fever are:

  • Sudden onset of excessive fever (as much as 106°F or 41.1°C)
  • Extreme headache, particularly behind the eyes
  • Muscle, bone, and joint ache
  • Rash, often on the torso or limbs
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bleeding from the nostril, gums, or pores and skin
  • Problem respiration, belly ache, or persistent vomiting (these could point out extreme dengue, which requires speedy hospitalization)
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To handle dengue fever, it is best to:

  • Relaxation and drink loads of fluids to forestall dehydration.
  • Take paracetamol or acetaminophen to cut back fever and ache. Don’t take aspirin, ibuprofen, or different anti-inflammatory medicine, as they could improve the chance of bleeding.
  • Monitor your signs and look ahead to any indicators of extreme dengue, equivalent to bleeding, shock, or organ failure. Should you discover any of those, search emergency medical care immediately.

Conclusion

Dengue fever is a harmful illness that may have an effect on anybody, no matter age, gender, or well being standing. It is very important take preventive measures to keep away from mosquito bites, get vaccinated if eligible, and search medical consideration when you have any signs. By following these easy steps, you’ll be able to shield your self and your loved ones from dengue fever, and luxuriate in a wholesome and completely happy life.

 

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